- To impact the basic idea of Memory, system organization and Architecture of Computer.
- Basic structure of a digital computer
- Be familiar with the history and development of modern computers,
- Arithmetic operations of binary number system
- The organization of the Control unit, Arithmetic and Logical unit, Memory unit and the I/O unit.
- Be familiar with the basic knowledge the design of digital logic circuits and apply to computer organization.
- Students will understand the uses for cache memory.
- Students will understand a wide variety of memory technologies both internal and external.
Module I (13 hours)
Basic structure of computer hardware and software – addressing methods – computer arithmetic – number representations – fast adders – fast multiplication – integer division – floating point numbers and operations.
Module II (13 hours)
The processing unit – instruction execution cycle – sequencing of control signals – hardwired control – microprogrammed control – control signals – micro instructions – microprogram sequencing – branch address modification – prefetching of micro instructions.
Module III (13 hours)
Memory organization – Semiconductor RAM memories – internal organization – Bipolar and MOS devices – Dynamic memories – multiple memory modules and interleaving – cache memories-mapping functions – replacement algorithms – virtual memory – address translation – page tables – memory management units – Secondary memory – disk drives – organization and operations.
Module IV (13 hours)
Input-output organizations-accessing I/O devices-direct memory access (DMA) – interrupts- interrupt handling-handling multiple devices-device identification -vectored interrupts – interrupt nesting – Daisy chaining – I/O interfaces – serial and parallel standards – buses – scheduling- bus arbitration-bus standards. Introduction to parallel organizations – multiple processor organization- symmetric multiprocessors -cache coherence – non uniform memory access vector computation – introduction to CISC and RISC architectures – comparisons
- Hamacher C.V, Computer Organisation, McGraw Hill.
- Morris Mano, Computer system architecture, Pearson.
- John P Hayes, Computer Architecture and Organization McGraw Hill.
- William Stallings, Computer Architecture and Organization, Pearson.
- Patterson D. A & Hennessy J. L, Computer Organization & Design, Morgan Kaufman.