Physical Education is a course that focuses on developing physical fitness in the youth. Same as Music, Gym and Math, this is a required course in primary and secondary school. Most of the time, it is also required in college.
To understand what physical education, we must understand physical fitness which it intends to promote. Physical fitness is comprised of the following :
Cardiovascular fitness – This is the ability of your heart and lungs to deliver the oxygen your body needs for its daily tasks. This is the fitness component that is addressed by such aerobic activities as brisk walking, jogging, running, dancing and swimming.
Strength – This is the amount physical power that a muscle or group of muscles can use against a weight or resistance. This is addressed by such activities as weight lifting and body weight training.
Endurance – This is the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to repeat movements or hold a position over a certain period of time. Long-distance running is an activity that helps to develop endurance.
Flexibility – This refers to the body’s range of movement. Pilates, yoga and gymnastics help promote this particular fitness component.
Body composition – This refers to the ratio of the body’s fat component vs. its lean mass. Exercises that address cardiovascular fitness, strength, endurance and flexibility also promote the reduction of fat and the build-up of muscle.